What is sleep apnea?
A serious sleeping disorder sleep apnea involves intermittent cessation of breathing during sleep. Pause of breath can occur from a few seconds and even last up to a few minutes. The phenomenon may transpire 30 times or more and each time the breathing resumes the person lets out a loud snort. The condition can significantly impair sleep when breathing is shallow. Deep sleep can be disturbed when the breathing stops. Routine office visits or blood tests cannot detect the condition.
Types of sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea: OSA presents with paused breathing, a notable decrease in airflow and is related to a collapse of the upper airway during sleep. It is a common disorder and corresponds to oxyhemoglobin saturations with frequent awakening from sleep. Nocturnal symptoms of OSA begin without much ado and are often present many years before it is diagnosed. The individual can experience loud, bothersome, habitual snoring, insomnia and nocturia during the night. During the day excessive sleepiness, depletion in cognitive faculties, changes in mood, depression and anxiety can be noticed.
Central sleep apnea: Central sleep apnea is the resultant of an underlying medical condition or narcotic abuse. The sleep-related breathing disorder is not cyclical in fashion but is characterized by diminished respiratory efforts. The brain fails to send signals to the muscles to breathe. Where no respiratory effort is identified cessation of breathing may last for 10 seconds or more. It is difficult to treat central sleep apnea. Underlying causes may be associated with renal failure, heart failure, Parkinson disease, dyspnea, orthopnea etc. Patient experiences symptoms of nocturnal hypoxia, frequent awakening at nights, choking and shortness of breath.
Treatment at Dental Solutions, Bangalore
At Dental Solutions, hypopnea index is measured with AHI. The apneas sleep per hour is counted as 10 apneas/hour = index of 10. Normal indices are:
0 to 5 = normal
5 to 10 = light
10 to 20 = midrange
> 20 = severe
Rhonchopathy is noticed with OSA.
Dental Solutions treat sleep apnea and snoring with Silensor-sl®. The device has two transparent splints one each for the upper and lower jaw. The splinter of the lower jaw is advanced by 2 connectors that are laterally fixed to the splint. This way it counteracts the respiratory tracts. The air velocity significantly decreases thus minimizing vibrations of the soft tissues. Silensor-sl® is extremely comfortable and acts effectively as a snore guard. Its mandibular advancement splint is adjustable and metal-free.
The upper splint has a comfortable double layer material
Lower splint can be held in place with retention also
The connector has three parts: anchor, connector and splint that sit firmly in place in the canine area
S-shaped connectors consist of a light flexing property that provides wearing comfort
Weak placement of the connector in the molar area allows the anchor to slide into the connector during sudden propelling movements
Silensor-sl® is extremely successful due to its compact design and its non-inhibition of breathing through the mouth.