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OVERVIEW OF ROOT CANAL TREATMENTS

What is a root canal?

A root canal is the natural cavity present in the centre of the tooth. The nerves of the tooth and the soft pulp tissue lie within the canal. Sensory perceptions of heat and cold are provided by the nerves located under the tooth. The absence of the nerve does not affect the day to day functioning of the tooth.

What is a root canal treatment?

In a root canal treatment, the pulp and nerve of the tooth are removed to prevent infections and abscesses to the surrounding areas. Once removed, the inside of the tooth is debrided and cleansed to seal it. The pulp is removed for several reasons. Damaged pulp and nerves are a medium to produce bacteria inside the chamber due to the decay of debris. This bacterial debris increases the susceptibility of the encircled area to infections. Pus-filled pockets or abscesses are formed at the end of the roots as the infection spreads through them. Further, the swelling and pain can spread to the face and neck and can cause severe bone loss around the tooth.

A root canal treatment may be required due to:

    • Trauma or injury to the mouth

    • Severe decay of tooth

    • Repetitive tooth treatments

    • Cracked tooth

    • Broken crown

    • Loose or cracked fillings

    • Periodontal disease

    • Food particles stuck in between teeth for prolonged periods lead to interproximal caries which reach the deeper structures and finally the pulp chamber of the tooth

Signs and symptoms that warrant a root canal treatment


    • Severe pain in the tooth when chewing or any application of pressure

    • Sensitivity to cold and hot temperatures for a prolonged period of time

    • Swelling, tenderness and redness in the gums around the tooth

    • Darkening or discolouration of tooth

    • Recurring pimples on the gums

Root canal treatment at Dental Solutions

Preparation: The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia. Before the procedure, patient will be thoroughly examined for symptoms, and a medical history is obtained. An x-ray of the tooth is taken to determine the cause of pain and spread of infection. The extent of tooth damage is also assessed at this point. After the anaesthetic has taken effect, the tooth is first separated from the rest of the mouth. A thin rubber sheet called a dam is used for the purpose. This dam prevents infection and protects the area around the tooth. At Dental Solutions drills are eliminated and replaced with Er: YAG laser to make a hollow in the tooth through which the pulp is removed. The tooth is then disinfected with the use of laser energy and brought to a regular shape to enable filling. The hollow is then sealed with a sealant. An artificial cap or crown may be fitted thereafter. The choice of advanced against conventional treatments lies with the patient.

The team of dentists along with the senior dental practitioner at Dental Solutions, Bangalore makes the patient as comfortable as possible before the treatment.

Busting myths at Dental Solutions

It is a popular myth that root canal treatments are painful. In fact on the contrary root canal treatment is meant to alleviate pain and not cause it. Pain during root canal treatments is a deviant perception and these procedures have been nullified decades ago. With modern, advanced technology and a wide range of equipments, root canal treatments today are no more uncomfortable than having a filling placed. A root canal treatment may take several visits depending on the severity of the problem. Single visit root canal treatments can be performed successfully at Dental Solutions, Bangalore based on oral conditions.