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INTRODUCTION TO PROSTHODONTICS

Prosthodontics is concerned with the fabrication of artificial prostheses and replacements for missing parts of the teeth. The specialty defines diagnosis, planning of treatment, rehabilitation, restoration of the oral cavity, implant of prosthesis and maintenance of restorations. It takes care of oral function, comfort, aesthetics and the oral health of the patients. Prosthodontics uses biocompatible substitutes for prosthetic, restorative treatments. Some important milestones in the specialty are the discoveries of acrylic resin and implants. Prosthodontics is further divided into fixed prosthodontics, removable prosthodontics, implant prosthodontics and maxillofacial prosthodontics.

Prosthesis in prosthodontics

Prosthetic implants aid in correcting mastication and improvising speech. Facial aesthetics are restored along with self-confidence. Some examples of prostheses that may be used in prosthodontics are dentures (partial and complete), palatal obturators, orthodontic appliances, dental implants, crowns and bridges.

Who is a prosthodontist?

Prosthodontists are experts in restoring smiles and functionality of the oral cavity. They also specialize in complex dental rehabilitation of trauma and injury. They also possess special skills to rejuvenate acute genetic facial defects. Rigorous training imparted to prosthodontists help them to completely understand the dynamics, preservation and creation of tooth replacements.