Chronic periodontitis causes infections in the gum and consequential damages to soft tissue leading to bone loss. Usually occurring as a result of poor oral hygiene periodontitis also holds a higher risk of cardiac diseases and other serious health issues. A predominant cause of bone loss remains unreplaced multiple teeth or tooth loss. The stimulus of chewing puts enough pressure to preserve the bone. When tooth or teeth in an area are lost the bone resorbs leading to less or no bone in the area. The alveolar bone surrounds the tooth forming ridges which atrophy.
Another cause of bone loss is gingivitis that causes infection in the tissues beneath the teeth. The infection causes the gums to move away from the teeth filling the gingival sulcus with plaque. Gradually this pocket becomes larger as the bacteria find their way into the tooth roots and finally affect the jaw bone wearing away valuable bone tissue.
The rate of bone loss varies from individual to individual. About 80% have a moderately progressive periodontal disease, while 11% have minimal or no progression of periodontal disease but about 8% have rapid progression of the disease causing about 1 mm of bone loss.
Types of bone loss
Horizontal bone loss: It is extremely common where the height of the bone is reduced and margins are perpendicular to the surface of the tooth
Vertical or angular defects: The base of the angular defect is located in the apical bone and transpires in an oblique direction; they are also accompanied by osseous walls
Treatment at Dental Solutions
Dr Balasubramanya and his dedicated team of doctors at Dental solutions are well versed in various advanced bone loss treatments.
Bone and tissue grafting: Lost gum tissues and bones are regenerated by placing synthetic bone in the area and promoting growth; along with this procedure a guided tissue regeneration procedure is done where a mesh is inserted in between the gum tissue and the bone thus preventing the tissue from occupying the area meant for the bone
Sinus lifts: Due to resorption of the upper back teeth, the sinus cavity expands leaving a very thin oral cavity; to enable the placement of implants the sinus is raised and bone graft material placed in that area
Flap surgery: The gums are lifted back and the tartar deposits are removed from the deep pockets to clean the area and reduce the periodontal pocket; the gums are then stitched back in place
As always Dental Solutions is the best place to find out more about bone loss and regenerative procedures that can rejuvenate dental health.