Periodontics (or periodontology) involves the prevention and diagnosis of periodontal diseases that affect the peripheral, supporting structures and tissues of the teeth such as the gums. Besides repair, it also aids in the function, health and aesthetic preservation of the support substitutes.
There are broadly two groups of periodontal diseases:
Gingivitis: Characterized by inflammatory abnormalities of the gingiva, gingivitis involves the epithelial tissue that surrounds the cervical portion and alveolar processes of the teeth. It appears ulcerative, necrotizing and purulent and commonly induced by the formation of plaque. Acute infectious gingivitis is termed as ANUG or acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or trench mouth.
Periodontitis: Gingivitis when accelerated and advanced leads to periodontitis. There is evident damage to the connective tissues and bones supporting the teeth. Periodontal pockets are formed with the gum tissue separating itself from the sulcus. Associated symptoms of the disease are redness, bleeding and inflammation of the gums; gingival deep pockets > 3 mm and loose teeth due to weakness of bone and connective tissues. Periodontitis can appear in different forms such as:
Chronic periodontitis: affecting adolescents and clinical significance is achieved by the mid-30s of the individual
Aggressive periodontitis: a subtype that occurs in childhood leading to bone loss by the 20s
Necrotizing periodontal disease: uncommon type; an acute infection of gum tissue characterized by bad breath, pain, and bleeding of gums
Disease-related periodontitis: Periodontitis is associated with several medical conditions such as type 1 and type 2 diabetes, heart disease (smoking, old age), HIV/AIDS, autoimmune disorders, leukaemia etc. Complications of periodontitis lead to effects on the heart sharing a common element of risk smoking, worsening cases of diabetes with difficulty in controlling blood sugar and respiratory disease due to bacteria in the throat descending into the airways and lungs increasing the risk of lung diseases. Periodontal infections in pregnant women can cause premature delivery and infantile low birth weights besides triggering factors triggering complications of the immune system causing premature contractions and dilatations.
It is of utmost importance to diagnose and treat gum disease at the right time.
Dr. Balasubramanya and his esteemed team at Dental Solutions are dental professionals specialised in treating early stage to advanced gum diseases with bone loss.
Treatments at Dental Solutions
Dental solutions at Indiranagar is a high-end clinic, equipped with state-of-the-art-technology to treat dental and oral anomalies ranging from simple scaling (cleaning ) to advanced treatments such as flap surgery, bone grafting and soft tissue grafting.
Scaling and root planing (SRP), is a non-surgical procedure involving cleaning the surfaces of the teeth and their roots that may have been exposed due to gum recession. SRP removes tartar, plaque and bacteria from the gum surrounding the root, and promotes the healthy regeneration of the gum tissue.
For deep infections beneath the gum line Dental Solutions perform gum flap surgery. The gum tissue is surgically raised and flapped back to allow deep cleaning under the roots. The gum tissue is then sutured back into place for healing.
Dr Balasubramanya KV recommends treatment which aids in tooth cleaning and strengthens patients’ tooth and gum hygiene. Our dedicated team of oral health professionals at Dental Solutions believe in preventive dental care, which, in the long run gives a better health and stronger tooth, at the most affordable costs.
Dr. Balasubramanya is a renowned Periodontist and pioneers in laser treatments. At dental solutions, he expedites diagnosis and redemption of gum diseases at an early stage using laser technology to prevent the progression of the disease.